What is means Airport Transit Visa?
An Airport Transit Visa is required for citizens of certain countries for transit through a Schengen country even if they stay in the international transit area of an airport. The UK names this type of visa Direct Airside Transit Visa. It is required to be able to identify the identity of travellers who may try to destroy their identification documents and try to gain asylant status. Since the identity is known for those who travel to other visa requiring countries with similar application procedures the Airport Transit Visa is often exempted for those holding residence permits or visa for other EU countries or for Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, New Zealand or the United States. Although the Schengen countries have a standardized visa exemption list for tourist visa each country determines for which citizens an Airport Transit Visa is required. This decision is mostly made on previous incidents. Citizens of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, and Sri Lanka need the visa for all Schengen countries if not exempted by holding residency to another country. For other citizens it depends on their transiting airports. Citizens of India for example need a transit visa for France, Germany, and Spain but are exempted for a transit via a Belgium, Italy, Netherlands or Portugal International airport. The exemptions also vary from country to country. France for example only grants visa free transit on the way to Canada, or the United States but not on the way back; Germany authorizes it for both directions.
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